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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Edward Teach
c. 1680 – 22 November 1718

Blackbeard (c. 1736 engraving used to illustrate Johnson's General History)
Nickname Blackbeard
Place of birth (presumed) Bristol, England
Place of death Ocracoke, Province of Carolina (in present North Carolina
Years active 1716–1718
Rank Captain
Base of operations Atlantic
Commands Queen Anne's Revenge, Adventure

Edward Teach (c. 1680 – 22 November 1718), better known as Blackbeard, was a notorious English pirate who operated around the West Indies and the eastern coast of the American colonies. Although little is known about his early life, he was probably born in Bristol, England. He may have been a sailor on privateer ships during Queen Anne's War before settling on the Caribbean island of New Providence, a base for Captain Benjamin Hornigold, whose crew Teach joined sometime around 1716. Hornigold placed him in command of a sloop he had captured, and the two engaged in numerous acts of piracy. Their numbers were boosted by the addition to their fleet of two more ships, one of which was commanded by Stede Bonnet, but toward the end of 1717 Hornigold retired from piracy, taking two vessels with him.

Teach captured a French merchant vessel, renamed her Queen Anne's Revenge, and equipped her with 40 guns. He became a renowned pirate, his cognomen derived from his thick black beard and fearsome appearance; he was reported to have tied lit fuses under his hat to frighten his enemies. He formed an alliance of pirates and blockaded the port of Charleston, South Carolina. After successfully ransoming its inhabitants, he ran Queen Anne's Revenge aground on a sandbar near Beaufort, North Carolina. He parted company with Bonnet, settling in Bath Town, where he accepted a royal pardon. But he was soon back at sea and attracted the attention of Alexander Spotswood, the Governor of Virginia. Spotswood arranged for a party of soldiers and sailors to try to capture the pirate, which they did on 22 November 1718. During a ferocious battle, Teach and several of his crew were killed by a small force of sailors led by Lieutenant Robert Maynard.

A shrewd and calculating leader, Teach spurned the use of force, relying instead on his fearsome image to elicit the response he desired from those he robbed. Contrary to the modern-day picture of the traditional tyrannical pirate, he commanded his vessels with the permission of their crews and there is no known account of his ever having harmed or murdered those he held captive. He was romanticised after his death and became the inspiration for a number of pirate-themed works of fiction across a range of genres.

1 Early life
2 New Providence
3 Blackbeard
3.1 Enlargement of Teach's fleet
3.2 Blockade of Charleston
3.3 Beaufort Inlet
3.4 Pardon
3.5 Alexander

Miejsce nurkowe
Queen Anne's Revenge AKA Blackbeards
Pobliskie miasto: Morehead City
Kategoria miejsca nurkowego:
  • wrak (statek)
Długość: 31m (103ft)
Szerokość: 75m (245ft)
Zanurzenie: 4m (13ft)
Data wodowania: 1710
Data zatonięcia: 1718
Jakość wraku:

Rodzaj dna: piaszczyste
Zalecane rodzaje nurkowania:
  • rekreacyjne (scuba diving)
  • techniczne
  • nurkowanie wrakowe

Dostęp do miejsca nurkowego z łodzi
Głębokość: 8m-9m (25ft-30ft)
Widoczność: do 3m (do 10ft)
Powietrze 36°C (96°F)
Woda 26°C (78°F)
Powietrze 13°C (56°F)
Woda 19°C (66°F)

Najlepszy okres do nurkowania:
maj, czerwiec, lipiec, sierpień, wrzesień, październik
34°41.125'N (34°41'07"N)
76°40.817'W (76°40'49"W)
Dodane przez: baracuda_smile
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